Last month, the United Nation’s Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) released its Fifth Assessment Report. The report, which highlights the impact of climate change throughout the world, has had groundbreaking implications in the scientific, engineering, and environmental community. It has been estimated that hundreds of organisations and governments will utilise the report to influence and develop their legislation. Nevertheless, there are a number of important facts which have direct relevance to residents across England and Wales.
This blog will look at 5 of the most interesting and impactful pieces of insight which have emerged from the report.
5. Global warming is unequivocal
Although there continues to be a significant amount of scepticism across the world, the latest report has confirmed what many scientists already knew: climate change is a very real and present threat in the world. Upon analysis of records from the 1950’s, there is now no doubt whatsoever that the planet’s weather is changing at a rapid rate.
4. The last 30 years have been the warmest on record
To make matters worse, the same research reveals that it is ‘likely’ the period between 1983-2013 were the warmest in over 1,400 years. This is a drastic conclusion, helping to show that climate change is occurring at virtually unprecedented levels.
In addition to this fact, the IPCC report also found that the amount of greenhouse gases currently in the atmosphere is equivalent to the same levels nearly 800,000 years ago.
3. The sea level rise of the last 100 years is greater than the last 2000 years combined
Perhaps one of the most shocking statistics to emerge from the IPCC report is that the industrial revolution, combined with decades of population growth, have had a bigger impact on our oceans than 2,000 years of human activity.
Sea levels have now risen to levels which threaten communities across the globe, particularly in south east Asia. The risk of flooding means that houses and farmland are at serious risk of being destroyed.
2. Climate change is expensive
Another surprising finding is that climate change is a costly endeavour. As time goes on and the effects of climate change become more ingrained, it will cost an incalculable amount of money to reverse these problems. Some of the most pressing financial concerns include cleaning up the oceans and repairing the damage caused by acid rain and flooding.
1. Humans are ‘extremely likely’ to blame for climate change
However, perhaps the most damning fact to emerge from the IPCC report is that climate change can be predominantly attributed to the actions of mankind. For decades, many individuals across the world have sought to argue that climate change is a natural progression. The report findings would strongly suggest otherwise; stating that it’s 90% likely that people are to blame for this change.
In summary, the IPCC report has confirmed many scientific theories and observations which have been prevalent for a long time. The conclusions go some way in testifying that more needs to be done to reduce carbon emissions and global warming.